Other Names : Continental Toy Spaniel
Country of Origin : France
Dog Group : Toy
The Papillon is one of the oldest breeds of dog, with a recorded history in Europe going back nearly 700 years. The breed originally only had dropped years and were called the "epagneul nain" or "dwarf spaniel". Much of the breed's development is known because of its depiction in paintings. This tiny breed is recognizable in 13th through 15th century Italian paintings in the Renaissance period. They were often painted on the laps of French and Spanish noblewomen.
Also called the Continental Toy Spaniel, the Papillon is a small fine-boned little dog. The small head is slightly rounded between the ears with a well defined stop. The muzzle is somewhat short, thin tapering to the nose. The dark, medium sized, round eyes have black rims. The large ears can either be erect or dropped with rounded tips. Papillon with drop ears are called Phalene Papillon (Moth). The hair on the ears is long, and fringed, giving it a butterfly-like look. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The long tail is set high carried over the body, and covered with long hair. The straight, long, fine, single coat has extra frill on the chest, ears, back of the legs and the tail.
Feeding & Ownership
Papillons cost very little to feed as they are not big eaters, preferring to pick regularly rather than sit down to a set meal.
The Papillon is a friendly, intelligent dog that is tougher than it looks, and loves outdoor exercise. Do not over-pamper or overprotect these little dogs as they are likely to develop small dog syndrome. Which is a human induced behaviour they can display behaviours such as acting timid, demanding, willfulness and obsessive barking, however puppies should be well-socialised let them meet different people and animals in a positive environment, this way they will be exposure to a variety of situations.
Daily combing and brushing of the long, silky, single coat is important and fairly straightforward. These dogs are usually clean and odorless. Bathe or dry shampoo when necessary. Keep the nails clipped and have the teeth cleaned regularly because they tend to accumulate tartar.