Chow Chow (Smooth)

Other Names : Chow

Country of Origin : China

Dog Group : Utility


The origin of the Chow Chow is a bit of a mystery, there seems to be little doubt that they are closely related to other spitz dogs; in fact, it is widely thought that the spitz breeds are descended from the Chow Chow. They probably came from Mongolia and Manchuria, where their meat was once a delicacy and their fur was used for clothing, then introduced to China. Some historians have found evidence of them occurring in the 11th century BC. Centuries ago they were used to guard the temples against evil spirits. The Chow was also used as a hunting dog by the aristocrats, a guard dog against intruders, sled and cart pullers and as watchdogs. The Chow Chow first arrived in Britain in 1780.


The Chow Chow is a short, compact squarely built dog. The tail is curled over the back. The inside of the mouth and the tongue are blue/black in colour. They have a short, abundant and dense coat. They move with a stilted and stiff legged gait.

Feeding & Ownership

The Chow is prone to bloat so should be fed twice daily, instead of one large meal once a day.


The Chow is naturally an aloof dog and can be stubborn with it. They can become attached to one person and do have a tendency to snap or bite if they feel they or their owner is threatened. They may look like a cuddly teddy bear but they are not. Breeders have improved the temperaments over recent years and many bad tempered Chows are thought to be that way due to lack of proper training and socialisation when young. They are relatively quiet dogs that also make good guards. As long as they are introduced to cats and other household pets when young, problems can be prevented.


The grooming requirements of this dog are that they must be groomed on a regular basis. Grooming should be started at an early age as, when it is an adult, it may be done on a daily basis. When the adult coat comes in the puppy must be bathed and groomed more often so the new coat can come in properly. The coat itself is short, abundant, and dense, being quite luxurious in texture.


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